Language variant : Jyväskylä Defence Corps Building
Architect : Aalto, Alvar
Locality : Jyväskylä
Country : Finland
Building style : Nordic classicism
Project on the map (green arrow)
Three buildings were designed for this complex—one containing offices and an assembly room, the others being a stable block and a barracks. The first mentioned building contains a rather grand ceremonial staircase which descends to the assembly, half sunk into the ground, with its flat roof covered with earth, presumably to provide a platform from which the Civil Guards may be inspected. The assembly hall itself is nearly circular, with two enormous Minoan-style pillars off-centre and supporting the wall of the office building above.
The Barracks faces this building across a sandy parade ground and is on the first building's major axis, while the stable block at the other end of the long axis of the site is a symmetrical building but positioned off the site axis. A landscaped semi-circular area completes the site plan at the opposite end to the stable block, producing a neo-classical composition of a kind that Aalto would never return to; the detailing of the elements again shows Aalto's mastery of the language of his elders.
David Dunster: Alvar Aalto. Academy Editions, 1978, 30.
Ed. Antti Siitonen