Language variant : Reichstag building
Architect : Foster + Partners & Wallot, Paul
Completion: 1894 (original building)
Locality : Berlin
Country : Germany
Building style : Baroque Revival
Project on the map (green arrow)
The splendid neo-Baroque building was erected from 1884–94 according to the design by Paul Wallot. The building had a gigantic glass dome and an imperial crown on the top. From 1894 to 1933 it was the meeting place of the parliaments of the Empire and the Weimarer Republic.
The remains of the dome, which were damaged during the Second World War, were blown up in 1954. From 1961 on the building was remodeled by Paul Baumgarten as the Berlin branch of the Bundestag (since 1972) and as a convention center and a show room. On October 1991 the Bundestag decided to use the Reichstag as the German parliament.
On 1993 the British architect Sir Norman Foster was asked to transform the building into the new meeting place of the German Bundestag. Foster had the post-war construction removed in order to regain the remaining substance of the original neo-Baroque building.
After a heavy debate in 1995 the Bundestag decided to have a dome erected again, although in reduced and modern shape. This was contrary to Foster's original plan for a baldachin-like roof.
The walk-in glass dome is already a major sight in the city and is accessible to the public. It is directly above the assembly hall. The delightful way in which the mirrors play with the light is quite fascinating.
Imhof, Michael & Krempel, Leon: Berlin. New Architecture. From 1989 to today. Michael Imhof Verlag 2006, p. 15.
Ed. Heikki Nikkinen