Paikkakunta : Iznik
Maa : Turkey
“At roughly the same time as Greek colonists from Megara established themselves at Chalcedon and Byzantium, Bithynians from Trace migrated across the Bosphorus and settled in this beautiful and well-watered region of NW Asia Minor which they named after themselves – Bithynia. Its mountains dropped into fertile plains, which yielded rich harvests of grain and fruit. Almost certainly they had a settlement where Iznik now stands; but towards the end of the 4th C. BC, in the confused period that followed the death of Alexander the Great in 323, a city was founded here by Antigonus Monophtalmos, the one-eyed, one of Alexander’s generals who had made himself king over Asia Minor. He gave the city his own name, Antigoneia. In 301 another of the generals, Lysimachus, defeated and killed Antigonus and took over western and central Asia Minor. He enlarged and fortified Antigoneia and, in memory of his late wife, gave it her name – Nicaea.”
Jane Taylor, Imperial Istanbul (Iznik – Bursa – Edirne), Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1989, pp. 254-255.
Ed. Adzhoa Makkonen